Foundations of Reading Study Guide

Test Design and Framework

The test design below describes general testing information. The framework that follows is a detailed outline that explains the knowledge and skills that this test measures.

Test Design

Format Computer-based test (CBT)
Number of Questions 100 multiple-choice questions, 2 open-response item assignments
Time 4 hours testing time
15 minutes additional time to complete a CBT tutorial


piechart outlined in table below

Subarea Range of Objectives Approximate Percentage of Test Score
I Foundations of Reading Development 01–04 35%
II Development of Reading Comprehension 05–07 27%
III Reading Assessment and Instruction 08–09 18%
IV Integration of Knowledge and Understanding 10 20%

Test Framework

Subarea I—Foundations of Reading Development

0001 Understand phonological and phonemic awareness.

0002 Understand concepts of print and the alphabetic principle.

0003 Understand the role of phonics in promoting reading development.

0004 Understand word analysis skills and strategies.

Subarea II—Development of Reading Comprehension

0005 Understand vocabulary development.

0006 Understand how to apply reading comprehension skills and strategies to imaginative/literary texts.

0007 Understand how to apply reading comprehension skills and strategies to informational/expository texts.

Subarea III—Reading Assessment and Instruction

0008 Understand formal and informal methods for assessing reading development.

0009 Understand multiple approaches to reading instruction.

Subarea IV—Integration of Knowledge and Understanding

In addition to answering multiple-choice items, candidates will prepare written responses to questions addressing content from the preceding objectives, which are summarized in the objective and descriptive statement below.

0010 Prepare an organized, developed analysis on a topic related to one or more of the following: foundations of reading development; development of reading comprehension; reading assessment and instruction.